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Bau hanyir darah, sungai jernih bertukar merah, mayat bergelimpangan

DITANGKAP dan disembelih hidup-hidup, darah menyembur keluar dari leher yang hampir putus, tubuh terangkat ke atas dan menggelepar menahan seksa sakratulmaut. Bunyi geruh menarik nafas akhir amat gerun dan memilukan. Tidak cukup dengan itu, walaupun batang tubuh sudah tidak bergerak dan basah bermandi darah, dagingnya ditakik pula sebelum dibakar dan dihumban ke dalam lubang sedalam paras paha.

Perbuatan kejam dan di luar peri kemanusiaan itu adalah gambaran kekejaman komunis yang bermaharajalela ketika era darurat dari 1948 sehingga 1960.

Bagi Presiden Persatuan Bekas Polis Malaysia, Shafie Bakri menyifatkannya sebagai tindakan membalas dendam Parti Komunis Malaya (PKM) yang juga dikenali Bintang Tiga terhadap individu yang disyaki menjadi tali barut tentera Jepun. Tentera Jepun menguasai negara ini untuk tempoh tiga tahun lapan bulan.

“Jepun menyerah kalah selepas Hiroshima dan Nagasaki dibom pada 6 Ogos 1945. Sebaik mendapat khabar, komunis keluar daripada tempat persembunyian di hutan dan menunjukkan kekuatan dengan membunuh sesiapa saja yang dipercayai bersekongkol dengan Jepun,” katanya.

Gambaran kekejaman Bintang Tiga dijelaskan beliau pada ceramah program Bicara Tokoh Darurat sempena pameran Darurat-Rentetan Sejarah 1948-1960 anjuran Muzium Negara yang berlangsung dari 30 Jun hingga 30 Ogos lalu.

Shafie berkata, keadaan huru-hara di Malaya ketika itu menyebabkan hubungan antara kaum tegang biarpun keanggotaan PKM bukan di kalangan kaum Cina saja.

“Hubungan antara kaum ibarat paku berselirat. Mereka terlalu berhati-hati baik dalam pergaulan mahupun percakapan kerana takutkan musuh dalam selimut.

“Si penjual sayur yang berjaja setiap pagi menjadi pembelot pada malam hari apabila membawa PKM mengepung kediaman penduduk yang lancang mengkritik komunis,” katanya. Disebabkan tidak mahu ditimpa kesusahan, masyarakat ketika itu rela bergelap dan berkurung di rumah biarpun Maghrib belum menjelang.

Shafie berkata, ancaman PKM tidak dihadapi orang Melayu saja, bahkan ada kaum Cina terutama suku Tionghua selalu menerima ugutan, diganggu malah harta mereka dirampas menyebabkan mereka memilih mendiami kawasan pinggir hutan.

Perang Vietnam memburukkan keadaan kerana memberi ilham untuk menghasilkan jerangkap samar atau bobby trap kepada pengganas komunis. Pemberontakan komunis ketika ini di seluruh dunia melalui fasa kedua dengan melakukan serangan lebih agresif dan membunuh.

“Permatang (laluan) tentera dan polis dipasang jerangkap samar menyebabkan ramai anggota keselamatan terkorban, kudung kaki dan tangan. Pemilik ladang dan lombong dikelar, tanaman getah ditetak, manakala kereta api yang membawa hasil komoditi itu diserang, diterbalikkan dan dibakar. Hakikatnya, ini cara komunis melumpuhkan ekonomi negara,” katanya.

Namun, kata Shafie, kekejaman komunis meragut kesabaran rakyat, terutama orang Melayu apabila balai polis diserang, dibakar dan menagih korban bukan saja di kalangan anggota bertugas, bahkan anak isteri dibunuh tanpa belas kasihan.

Balai Polis Bukit Kepong, Kuala Krai, Simpang Pertang dan Pekeliling musnah dihujani peluru dan bom tangan membangkitkan kemarahan masyarakat,” katanya ketika mengenang semula keganasan dicetuskan anak buah Chin Peng itu.

Sehubungan itu, katanya, Chin Peng tidak patut diberi peluang kembali ke negara ini biarpun perancang utama dan tulang belakang PKM itu sudah lanjut usianya.

“Bagaimana kita boleh memaaf dan melupakan kekejaman Chin Peng ketika itu. Dia bukan saja pencetus huru-hara bahkan menyebabkan ramai pejuang negara kehilangan anggota. Betapa menyedihkan keadaan tanah air ketika itu hingga tanah berbau hanyir darah, sungai jernih bertukar merah, mayat bergelimpangan dan mereput sendiri. Jelas kelihatan hutang darah dibayar darah, jika masih ada usaha membawa pulang pengkhianat itu, kami anggota keselamatan tidak akan berdiam diri,” katanya penuh semangat.

Bekas Panglima Medan Tentera Darat, Lt Jen Datuk Seri Zaini Mohd Saidi walaupun ketika darurat masih kecil dan berusia dua tahun, namun beliau mengerti kesengsaraan dan ketakutan yang ditanggung orang sekelilingnya.

“Saya membesar dalam kekalutan, hilang kebebasan bahkan lebih teruk, melabelkan suku kaum tertentu sebagai komunis. Keadaan ketika itu sangat menekan perasaan sehinggakan untuk pulang ke kampung saya di Lenggeng, Negeri Sembilan dari Kuala Lumpur harus melalui tidak kurang 10 sekatan jalan raya, perintah berkurung dikenakan selepas jam 6 petang, manakala permit diperlukan bagi beras dan gula mempunyai berat lebih sekati,” katanya.

Namun, paling dikesali beliau ialah kesan pemberontakan komunis yang mencipta sentimen benci di antara kaum, khususnya Melayu dan cina.

“Angka korban darurat dianggarkan mencecah 2,542 orang membabitkan semua kaum terutama Melayu dan Cina. Pantang silap sikit ketika itu, akan tercetus perkelahian kaum yang berakhir dengan kematian,” katanya.

PKM di bawah pimpinan Chin Peng membiak ke angka 10,000 anggota pada akhir 60an berbanding 400 anggota asal. Matlamat awal untuk memerangi kuasa Jepun sebaliknya melahirkan gerombolan gerila yang berniat jahat menimbulkan huru-hara.

“Generasi kini patut mengenang semula pahit getir perjuangan dan kesediaan anggota keselamatan berkorban nyawa demi negara. Azab dua tiga bulan berkampung di hutan tidak terungkap dengan kata-kata, namun itu sudah menjadi tugas kami untuk melindungi keselamatan rakyat,” katanya.

Fahami sejarah kemerdekaan

KEMERDEKAAN dikecapi hari ini bukan diperoleh secara mudah tetapi dibina dengan keringat, darah dan air mata.

Penghayatan kemerdekaan tidak terhad dengan mengibarkan bendera, menganjurkan perarakan warna-warni, konsert dan menyanyikan lagu ‘Negaraku’ semata-mata tetapi sewajarnya rakyat dilatih mengenang semula perjuangan generasi terdahulu membebaskan negara daripada penjajahan, selain memahami proses bagaimana akhirnya kemerdekaan menjadi milik negara.

Kependudukan Jepun yang bertunjangkan slogan ‘Asia untuk Asia’ berjaya merubah senario politik Tanah Melayu apabila British tidak lagi dianggap kuasa imperialisme kebal. Bertujuan mengembalikan maruah peribadi, namun diuar-uarkan atas nama membebaskan Tanah Melayu daripada cengkaman Jepun, British menjalinkan kerjasama dengan Parti Komunis Malaya (PKM) pada 8 Disember 1940.

Namun, British silap perhitungan apabila PKM yang sepatutnya menyebelahi mereka, sebaliknya bermaharajalela mengisi kekosongan ditinggalkan Jepun yang kalut dengan kemelut pengeboman Hiroshima dan Nagasaki pada Ogos 1946.

Pengaruh fahaman komunis semakin meluas menjelang 1948. Malah, untuk merealisasikan wawasan penubuhan Republik Komunis Malaya, PKM menukarkan namanya kepada Malayan People Anti-British Army (MPABA) sekali gus menjadi platform melancarkan serangan lebih agresif untuk melumpuhkan British.

Tiga peringkat strategi dirangka komunis untuk mengambil alih Tanah Melayu bermula dengan menghasut kesatuan sekerja mengadakan mogok. Usaha ini gagal apabila British meluluskan Trespass Law (undang-undang pencerobohan) yang menyekat kesatuan memasuki ladang bagi tujuan berceramah dan menstruktur organisasi pekerja. Ordinan persatuan yang mewakili pekerja juga dipinda dan dikemaskini pada 12 Jun 1948 iaitu mewajibkan semua kesatuan sekerja mendaftar dengan pihak berkuasa.

Strategi kedua PKM ialah menguasai bandar kecil, seterusnya mendirikan markas PKM yang diisytiharkan British sebagai kawasan putih. Bagi memastikan dasar dan rancangan mereka berjalan lancar, Gerakan Rakyat (Min Yuen) berciri serampang dua mata ditubuhkan.

Gerakan Rakyat ini bertanggungjawab membekalkan makanan kepada ahli PKM yang melarikan diri ke dalam hutan selepas pengharaman parti itu, selain mengumpul maklumat berkaitan strategi kerajaan menghapuskan mereka.

Pemberontakan bersenjata terkandung dalam strategi terakhir. Melaluinya, anggota dilatih menguasai taktik perang gerila, selain menubuhkan unit kecil berfungsi menakutkan penduduk Tanah Melayu membabitkan pertumpahan darah warga British dan sekutunya.

Kekejaman demi kekejaman yang dilakukan memaksa British mengambil pendekatan drastik mengisytiharkan darurat di seluruh Tanah Melayu pada 18 Jun 1948.

Meskipun darurat menyusahkan rakyat kerana mengekang pergerakan, mengorbankan banyak nyawa serta menyebabkan kerosakan harta benda, dari perspektif lain, insiden darurat sebenarnya mempercepatkan lagi proses memerdekakan Tanah Melayu apabila British bersetuju ia ditadbir anak tempatan.

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Kes keganasan komunis

  • Serang hendap di Kelian Intan – 10 September 1947

    Peristiwa berlaku pada jam 7.30 pagi membabitkan serangan pengganas ke atas sebuah lori dan dua bas yang membawa anggota polis. Tiga anggota polis dan enam orang awam terkorban, manakala dua mata-mata polis serta 12 orang awam cedera parah.

    Segerombolan pengganas komunis dikatakan melepaskan tembakan bertubi-tubi selama 10 minit, merampas harta penumpang dan mengacukan senapang kepada mereka.

  • Pembunuhan di Sungai Siput, Perak – 16 Jun 1948

    Tragedi ini mengorbankan tiga pengurus ladang berbangsa Eropah iaitu T.G Christian, A.E Walker dan J.M Allison. Pembunuhan ini menggemparkan penduduk tempatan, seterusnya penyebab kepada pengisytiharan Undang-undang Darurat di Perak.

    Ia adalah pengumuman darurat pertama sebelum ia diperluaskan di seluruh Tanah Melayu pada 18 Jun 1948. Pembunuhan ini disifatkan sebagai kemuncak keganasan komunis yang mula berleluasa sejak tamat Perang Dunia Kedua di negara ini.

  • Serangan ke atas kampung Jeram Choh, Johor – 18 Jun 1948

    Ia dilakukan kira-kira 20 pengganas komunis lengkap bersenjata. Kemuncak kejadian ialah serangan ke atas balai polis yang menyebabkan kerajaan mengalih langkah mengumumkan perintah darurat berkuat-kuasa serta-merta.

  • Tragedi lombong Batu Arang, Selangor – 12 Julai 1948

    Lombong ini ditawan komunis sebagai strategi melumpuhkan ekonomi negara. Ia bukan saja mengakibatkan operasi kilang terhenti, malah seluruh kilang dimusnahkan manakala lima pekerja berbangsa Cina terkorban.

  • Sabotaj ke atas kuari Sungai Gepai, Tapah, Perak – 19 Januari 1950

    Serangan membabitkan kira-kira 20 pengganas itu memusnahkan beberapa kenderaan dan peralatan kuari.

  • Serang hendap di Seberang Perai – 22 Januari 1950

    Serangan ini mengorbankan lapan anggota polis termasuk seorang sarjan Inggeris manakala enam anggota polis Melayu cedera parah.

  • Serangan di Kampung Simpang Tiga, Setiawan, Perak – 4 Februari 1950

    Kira-kira 80 pengganas komunis menyerang dan membakar kampung yang mengakibatkan 1,000 penduduk kehilangan tempat tinggal dan harta benda.

  • Peristiwa Bukit Kepong – 23 Februari 1950

    150 pengganas komunis yang diketuai Mat Indra menyerang balai polis pada jam 4.30 pagi. Tragedi memilukan ini mengorbankan 23 mangsa membabitkan 13 anggota polis, enam pengawal kampung, tiga wanita dan seorang kanak-kanak.

  • Serang hendap di Sungai Semur, Kelantan – 25 Mac 1950

    Pertempuran antara kira-kira 250 pengganas komunis dengan platun Kompeni D Batalion Ketiga Rejimen Askar Melayu Diraja berjumlah 25 orang. Serangan berlaku pada jam 10.30 pagi ketika platun berkenaan menyusuri sungai. Sejumlah 17 orang anggota tentera terbunuh dengan lapan cedera.

  • Pembunuhan Pesuruhjaya Tinggi British, Sir Henry Gurney di Batu 56 1/2, Jalan Kuala Kubu Bharu, Bukit Fraser – 6 Oktober 1951

    Sir Henry, Pesuruhjaya Tinggi British pada 1948 hingga 1951 diberi tanggungjawab membanteras ancaman komunis di Tanah Melayu. Dia dan isteri ditembak mati ketika dalam perjalanan ke Bukit Fraser dari Kuala Lumpur untuk bercuti.

  • Serang hendap kereta api, Tampin, Negeri Sembilan – 14 November 1951

    Serangan ini mengorbankan empat orang awam, termasuk pemandu kereta api, K Vettivelu. Kejadian berlaku pada waktu malam ketika kereta api berkenaan berada kira-kira sebatu dari Tebong berhampiran Tampin.

    Sabotaj dilakukan dengan mengalihkan landasan mengakibatkan kereta api tersasar, manakala sebahagian gerabak terbabas serta tergelincir kira-kira 10 meter ke bawah landasan. Kereta api itu ditembak bertubi-tubi sekali gus mencederakan 20 penumpang. Antara mangsa terselamat, termasuk Yang Dipertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad dan isteri serta dua putera baginda.

  • Pokok getah seluruh Tanah Melayu ditetak (1948 – 1951)

    Ia adalah tindak balas pengganas komunis terhadap pemilik ladang yang enggan bekerjasama dengan mereka. Perbuatan menetak pokok juga bertujuan melumpuhkan ekonomi yang ketika itu banyak bergantung kepada hasil pengeluaran getah.

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    Ramadan

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    What is Ramadan? Ramadan is the name of the one-month fasting period when Muslims fast for a period of almost 12 hours. They fast from dawn till sunset. It is a known fact that during the period of fasting, apart from eating and drinking Muslims are also forbidden from smoking and having sexual relations. Only the sick are excused from fasting during this month. Muslims are expected to avoid lying, breaking promise or cheating during the month of Ramadan. The primary purpose of fasting during Ramadan is to remind all Muslims of self-control and submitting to Allah, the holy one. Even young kids are taught to fast when they are young.  

    Preparations

    In a country like Malaysia where a lot of Muslims, Hari Raya preparations can be seen at least one month before the festival. Bazaars would be set up and they would be selling numerous festive items for Muslims. Carpets, clothes, bags, food, music CDs, household items and VCDs would also be sold. At night the place is lit up with glittering lights. There would also be a wide variety of food which would be sold at the fairs and they include kuehs, otah-otah, cakes, buns, breads, curry, noodles and even curry puffs. Most of the Muslims shop here to get the food to bring home to eat when they are breaking the fast. The time when the Muslims break the fast is usually around 7:15pm.

    Celebrations

    Celebration for Hari Raya Puasa starts at least a month ahead, during the fasting period of Ramadan. Women start to sew beautiful curtains and buy new clothes for the family. Some families also do renovation for the house so that the house would look better when the guests visit it during the festival. After fulfilling their one-month of fasting, the Muslims would be joyful to celebrate Hari Raya Puasa. On the morning of the festival, the Muslims would wear their new clothes and go to the mosque to pray. They offer their thanks to God and after that they would ask for forgiveness from their elders. This is an important custom followed by the Muslims.

    They feel that the young ones asking forgiveness from their elders is very essential. On the day, they also visit their relatives and friends to celebrate the happy occasion. If you visit Muslims’ homes on Hari Raya Puasa you can expect to taste a wide variety of delicious spicy dishes. Some favorite dishes that can be found in Muslims homes on this special occasion are ketupat, lontong, nasi padang and beef rendang. The Muslims also have the habit of giving packets of money to kids when they go visiting. The packets are usually be in green color and children often look forward to getting these money tokens on Hari Raya Puasa. Overall, Hari Raya Puasa is a delightful festival for the Muslims.

    Nasi Dagang is the ‘Nasi Lemak’ of east coast Peninsula Malaysia, in the state of Terengganu and Kelantan. Nasi Dagang is made by normal cooking rice and glutinous rice together with added coconut milk to cook and is eaten with special made side dishes of tuna fish curry and vegetable pickle.

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    800px-Mak_ngah_nasi_dagang
    Nasi Dagang

    Ingredient :-
    300 gm Basmathi rice
    100 gm glutinous rice
    600 ml water
    1 coconut, scraped
    4 tbsp oil
    2 big onions, sliced thinly
    3 cm fresh ginger, sliced thinly
    1/2 tsp fenugreek
    salt to taste
    1 small fresh tuna, about 400g
    salt to taste
    oil for deep-frying
    3 shallots, minced
    3 cloves garlic, minced
    2 tbsp fish curry powder
    2 tbsp chilli paste
    350 ml coconut milk (from 1/2 coconut)
    100 ml fish/ikan bilis stock
    salt to taste

    Instruction :-
    To prepare the rice, wash and soak both rice together for 30 minutes. Drain and set aside. Add 600 ml water to the scraped coconut and extract 300 ml thick milk and 300 ml thin milk. Heat oil in a rice cooker and saute onions and ginger till aromatic. Add fenugreek and rice and stir to coat. Pour in coconut milk and season with salt to taste. Cook rice till done, fluff and keep warm. Prepare the fish by cleaning and cutting it into bite size chunks. Season with salt and pepper and lightly deep-fly. Set fish aside. Heat 4 tbsp oil in a pot and saute shallots, garlic and ginger until aromatic. Add curry powder and chilli paste and stir-fly well. Pour in coconut milk and fish stock and boil for 10 minutes. Add fish, season with salt and simmer for 4 minutes before removing from heat. Serve tuna fish curry with warm rice. Hardboiled eggs can be used instead of tuna fish.

    Serves : 6

    Type of rice : Basmathi and Glutinous Rice

    Cooking time : 1 hour

    Kaum Kadazan-Dusun merupakan nama kaum bumiputera asli yang terbesar di Sabah dan berasal daripada Indo-China. Kaum etnik ini menggunakan pelbagai bahasa dan dialek dengan pelbagai kebudayaan dan adat resam tradisional. Terdapat 27 suku kaum di dalamnya. Antaranya ialah Dusun Liwan, Dusun Tindal, Dusun Pahu, Dusun Lotud, Bagahak, Dusun Labuk, Dusun Kimaragang, Tagahas, Tangara, Dusun, Rungus, Orang Sungai, Kuijau, Tambanuo, dan sebagainya.

    Kumpulan etnik yang terbesar adalah suku kaum Dusun yang merupakan satu pertiga dari penduduk Sabah. Suku kaum Dusun yang tinggal di pantai barat seperti Penampang, Papar, Tuaran, Kiulu, Tamparuli, Tenghilan, Kota Belud dan juga di lembah bukit di Ranau, Tambunan, dan Keningau adalah petani tradisi yang menanam padi sawah dan huma. Sesetengah dari mereka memburu serta menangkap ikan sungai. Mereka kebanyakan bertempat di sekelilingi kawasan lembah pantai barat dan kawasan pendalaman.

    Lazimnya masyarakat daripada subetnik yang disebut di atas adalah berasal (mendiami) daripada kawasan-kawasan (daerah) tertentu umpamanya Kimaragang di daerah Kota Marudu, Lotud di daerah Tuaran, Orang Sungai di daerah Kinabatangan, Sugut, Paitan dan Pitas. Bagi Orang Sungai yang tinggal di daerah Pitas, mereka menganut agama Islam manakala daerah-daerah lain seperti Kinabatangan Orang Sungai turut menganut agama-agama lain. Masyarakat Lotud (Suang Lotud) turut mendiami kawasan Pantai Barat Selatan negeri Sabah terutamanya Tuaran, Tamparuli, Telipok dan dan sedikit di Kota Belud (Tampasuk). Mereka hidup secara kolektif dengan mendiami rumah panjang yang mengumpulkan beberapa keluarga, iaitu antara 150 – 200 orang. Walau bagaimanapun, pada masa kini, rumah panjang jarang dilihat dalam etnik ini. Kebanyakannya telah mengalami pembangunan fizikal dan mental.

    Istilah Kadazan-Dusun ini wujud dari hasil penggabungan etnik Kadazan dan Dusun serta beberapa etnik kecil lain. Penggabungan ini adalah akibat pertelingkahan politik. Lagipun, perbezaan antara kaum Kadazan dan Dusun tidaklah begitu berbeza dan kasar.Beza antara bahasa Kadazan dan Dusun ialah seperti bahasa Malaysia dan bahasa Indonesia.

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    Suku kaum yang membentuk Kadazandusun

    Kadazandusun terdiri daripada empat puluh suku kaum Dusun dan Kadazan.

    • Bisaya
    • Bonggi
    • Bundu
    • Dumpas
    • Gana
    • Garo
    • Idaan
    • Kedayan
    • Kimaragang
    • Kolobuan
    • Kuijau
    • Lingkabau
    • Liwan
    • Lobu
    • Lotud
    • Lundayeh
    • Makiang
    • Malapi
    • Mangkaak
    • Minokok
    • Murut
    • Ngabai
    • Paitan
    • Pingas
    • Rumanau
    • Rungus
    • Sinobu
    • Sinorupu
    • Sonsogon
    • Sukang
    • Sungai
    • Tatana
    • Tangara
    • Tidong
    • Tindal
    • Tobilung
    • Tolinting
    • Tombonuo
    • Tuhawon
    • Tutung

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    Kepercayaan Kaum KadazanDusun


    Kesemua etnik kecil ini menggunakan Bahasa Kadazandusun. Pada zaman puntung berasap, mereka mengamalkan kepercayaan animisme. Kinorohingan adalah satu-satunya tuhan mereka. Pada masa kini, kebanyakan masyarakat Kadazandusun adalah penganut agama Kristian. Sebahagian daripada mereka juga beragama Islam. Bomoh bagi masyarakat Kadazandusun dikenali sebagai Bobohizan.

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    Perayaan


    Pesta Kaamatan (Menuai) disambut oleh Kadazandusun sebagai meraikan tuaian baik, tetapi Pesta Kaamatan juga disambut oleh semua kaum lain Sabah. Pesta Kaamatan disambut sepanjang bulan Mei walaupun perayaan ini hanya pada 30 dan 31 Mei. Kemuncak perayaan Kaamatan adalah peraduan ratu cantik atau unduk ngadau, tarian tradisi, dan upucara kemuncak yang dijalankan oleh Bobohizan “ketua pendita”

    Pesta Kaamatan bagi kaum Kadazan juga dikenali sebagai ‘Tadau Ka’amatan‘ dalam bahasa Kadazandusun.

    Kadazan percaya kepada makhluk halus dan dipercayai terdapat lima makhluk halus: Kinoringan(Ketua makluk halus & Pencipta), Rusod(semangat semua benda hidup kecuali manusia), Koududuwo (semangat manusia), Tombiruo (semangat orang yang telah meninggal), dan Rogon (semangat jahat).

    Menurut kepercayaan Kadazan, semangat padi merupakan Kinoingan (Kinorohingan dalam dialek Dusun) yang dikenali sebagai Bambaazon, disembah sebagai pencipta dan berkuasa sumber kepada kewujudan. Semangat padi Bambaazon dimuliakan pada pokok padi, beras, dan nasi. Ramai yang mempercayai bahawa “Tanpa padi, tiada kehidupan.”

    Ketika pesta Kaamatan, penduduk Sabah mengenakan pakaian tradisi mereka dan bersuka-ria. Selain menari Sumazau dengan alat muzik tradisi, tapai (arak beras) dihidangkan sebagai minuman istimewa. Penduduk Sabah akan menyapa sesama mereka dengan ucapan ‘Kopivosian Tadau Ka’amatan’ atau ‘Selamat Hari Menuai’.

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    Makanan Tradisional

    • Hinava Ginapan

    Makanan tradisional Kadasandusun penampang ini diperbuat daripada ikan segar yang diperap dengan garam dan jus limau nipis. Makanan ini mementingkan kesegaran serta kebersihan untuk mencapai keenakannya. makanan tradisi juga yang terkenal ialah ‘sambal’ atau ‘jeruk’ atau lebih dikenali sebagai BOSOU atau TONSOM. Kebiasaannya, bosou ini dikenali sebagai ‘tinamba’…oleh sekitar penduduk ranau. Bosou ini adalah daripada daging mentah, kebiasaannya ikan sungai atau hasil buruan. Daging atau ikan mentah ini diperam dengan nasi putih, garam, dan buah dinikmati kepayang sebagai pengawet, dan disimpan di dalam bekas (biasanya daripada tajau kecil) dan ditutup rapat selama seminggu atau sehingga betul-betul telah masak sebelum dapat dimakan. Asasnya, masakan kaum dusun ini adalah makanan yang direbus sahaja. Kebanyakan masyarakat Dusun menggemari sayur-sayuran segar sebagai hidangan yang dinikmati bersama nasi putih.

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    Tarian Tradisional

    Tarian Sumazau merupakan tarian tradisi suku kaum Kadazandusun yang terkenal di seluruh Malaysia. Tarian ritualnya memenuhi pelbagai fungsi seperti mengucap kesyukuran yang berkaitan dengan kegiatan menanam dan menuai padi dan untuk menolak bala, menyemah semangat, dan mengubati penyakit.

    Irama Sumazau adalah perlahan. Pasangan penari berhadapan dan menggerak-gerakkan kaki berlangkah kecil, sementara tumit kaki diangkat-turunkan mengikut irama. Ketika menari tangan dikepakkan keluar, gerakannya turun naik seperti burung terbang. Biasanya Sumazau ditarikan semasa hari keramaian majlis jamuan Pesta Kaamatan.

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    Pakaian Tradisional

    • Pakaian Tradisional Suku Kaum Kadazan Penampang

    Baju ini selalunya menggunakan kain hitam yang bersulamkan benang emas. Ia dipakai semasa sambutan Pesta Menuai.



    Sentinel

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    Aggron Stonebreaker, the Ogre Magi

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    Alleria, Windrunner

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    Aiushtha, the Enchantress

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    Azwraith, the Phantom Lancer

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    Boush, the Tinker

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    Bradwarden, the Centaur Warchief

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    Chen, the Holy Knight

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    Daelin Proudmoore, Admiral

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    Darchrow, the Enigma

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    Ezalor, the Keeper of the Light

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    Furion, the Prophet

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    Gondar, the Bounty Hunter

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    Huskar, the Sacred Warrior

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    Jah’rakal, the Troll Warlord

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    Jakiro, the Twin Head Dragon

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    Kardel Sharpeye, the Dwarven Sniper

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    Knight Davion, the Dragon Knight

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    Lanaya, the Templar Assassin

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    Lina Inverse, the Slayer

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    Luna Moonfang, the Moon Rider

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    Magina, the Anti-Mage

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    Mangix, the Pandaren Brewmaster

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    Mirana Nightshade, the Priestess of the Moon

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    Morphling, the Morphling

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    Nortrom, the Silencer

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    Puck, the Faerie Dragon

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    Purist Thunderwrath, the Omniknight

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    Raigor Stonehoof, the Earthshaker

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    Raijin Thunderkeg, the Storm Spirit

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    Rattletrap, the Clockwerk Goblin

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    Razzil Darkbrew, the Alchemist

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    Rexxar, the Beastmaster

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    Rhasta, the Shadow Shaman

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    Rigwarl, the Bristleback

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    Rikimaru, the Stealth Assassin

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    Rooftrellen, the Treant Protector

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    Rylai Crestfall, the Crystal Maiden

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    Shendelzare Silkwood, the Vengeful Spirit

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    Slithice, the Naga Siren

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    Squee and Spleen, the Goblin Techies

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    Sven, the Rogue Knight

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    Syllabear, the Lone Druid

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    Tiny, the Stone Giant

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    Traxex, the Drow Ranger

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    Ulfsaar, the Ursa Warrior

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    Yurnero, the Juggernaut

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    Zeus, the Lord of Olympia

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    The Scourge

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    Abaddon, the Lord of Avernus

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    Akasha, the Queen of Pain

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    Anub’arak, the Nerubian Assassin

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    Anub’seran, the Nerubian Weaver

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    Atropos, the Bane Elemental

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    Azgalor, the Pit Lord

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    Balanar, the Night Stalker

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    Banehallow, the Lycanthrope

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    Barathrum, the Spirit Breaker

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    Black Arachnia, the Broodmother

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    Clinkz, the Bone Fletcher

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    Crixalis, the Sand King

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    Darkterror, the Faceless Void

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    Dazzle, the Shadow Priest

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    Demnok Lannik, the Warlock

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    Dirge, the Undying

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    Harbinger, the Obsidian Destroyer

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    Ish’kafel, the Dark Seer

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    Kael, the Invoker

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    Kel’Thuzad, the Lich

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    King Leoric, the Skeleton King

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    Krobelus, the Death Prophet

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    Lesale Deathbringer, the Venomancer

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    Leshrac, the Tormented Soul

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    Leviathan, the Tidehunter

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    Lion, the Demon Witch

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    Lucifer, the Doom Bringer

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    Magnus, the Magnataur

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    Medusa, the Gorgon

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    Meepo, the Geomancer

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    Mercurial, the Spectre

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    Mogul Khan, Axe

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    Mortred, the Phantom Assassin

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    N’aix, the Lifestealer

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    Nessaj, the Chaos Knight

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    Nevermore, the Shadow Fiend

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    Pudge, the Butcher

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    Pugna, the Oblivion

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    Razor, the Lightning Revenant

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    Rotund’jere, the Necrolyte

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    Slardar, the Slithereen Guard

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    Strygwyr, the Bloodseeker

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    Terrorblade, the Soul Keeper

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    Visage, the Necro’lic

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    Viper, the Netherdrake

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    Vol’jin, the Witch Doctor

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    Game Modes on DOTA

    -allpick
    -ap
    Everyone may pick heroes from any tavern.
    Incompatible with allrandom, teamrandom, leaguemode, moderandom, voterandom, and reverse.
    -allrandom
    -ar
    Every player gets a random hero from any tavern.
    Incompatible with allpick, teamrandom, leaguemode, voterandom, moderandom, and reverse.
    -moderandom
    -mr
    Randomly picks a mode from ar, ap, tr and normal pick.
    Incompatible with allrandom, allpick, teamrandom, leaguemode, voterandom, reverse, and deathmatch.
    -leaguemode
    -lm
    All forms of random are disabled. 10 players required. The teams will pick in alternating orders, one team picking one hero, the other team picks two heroes, the first team picks two heroes, the other team picks two heroes, the first team picks their two last heroes, the other team picks their last hero. (1-2-2-2-2-1). The team which has the first pick is random.
    Incompatible with allrandom, allpick, mirrormatch, teamrandom, deathmatch, moderandom, allagility, allintelligence, allstrength, itemdrop, nopowerups, supercreeps, easymode, duplicatemode, voterandom, samehero, and reverse.
    -voterandom
    -vr
    Three random matchups will be chosen, and each players gets to cast a vote on which of the three matchups they want, using “-option #” where # is 1, 2 or 3.
    Needs an even amount of players on each team to be activated.
    Incompatible with leaguemode, allrandom, mirrormode, teamrandom, deathmatch, moderandom, allagility, allintelligence, allstrength, samehero, and reverse.
    -reverse The Sentinel’s players pick the Scourge’s team and the Scourge’s players pick the Sentinel’s team.
    Needs an even amount of players on each team to be activated.
    Incompatible with allpick, allrandom, teamrandom, moderandom, leaguemode, voterandom, deathmatch, and samehero.
    Secondary game modes
    Only useable by the game host.
    -deathmatch
    -dm
    If you die, you will have to pick a new hero once you can respawn. Deathmatch must be selected before any primary game mode to work. If a random primary mode was selected, you will recieve a hero according to that random mode. A team loses if it has 36 deaths, or if its ancient is destroyed.
    Incompatible with allintelligence, allagility, allstrength, teamrandom, leaguemode, moderandom, voterandom and samehero.
    -itemdrop
    -id
    When you die, a random slot in your inventory will drop whatever it holds. You no longer lose money when dieing.
    Incompatible with leaguemode.
    -supercreeps
    -sc
    Every now and then, a super creep may spawn for each side and follow the creeps in either lane. The weakest supercreep is the siege golem, a bit stronger is the scary fish, and the ancient hydra is the strongest one.
    Incompatible with leaguemode.
    -easymode
    -em
    Towers are weaker, experience is gained faster, and you get more periodic gold.
    Incompatible with leaguemode.
    -nopowerups
    -np
    No runes will spawn.
    Incompatible with leaguemode.
    -allagi
    -aa
    Only agility heroes may be chosen.
    Incompatible with allstrength, allintelligence, deathmatch, voterandom and leaguemode.
    -allint
    -ai
    Only intelligence heroes may be chosen.
    Incompatible with allstrength, allagility, deathmatch, voterandom and leaguemode.
    -allstr
    -as
    Only strength heroes may be chosen.
    Incompatible with allagility, allintelligence, deathmatch, voterandom and leaguemode.
    -shuffleplayers
    -sp
    The teams will be randomly shuffled. This includes which colour you have and which side you are on.
    Compatible with all other modes.
    -mirrormatch
    -mm
    mirrormatch: Requires that both teams have the same number of players. After one minute, each player pair (blue – pink, teal – gray, purple – light blue, yellow – dark green, orange – brown) will have their heroes replaced with either one of the two they had. In the end, each player pair has the same hero, and both teams have the same matchup.
    Incompatible with samehero, voterandom and leaguemode.
    -duplicatemode
    -du
    The same hero can be picked, or randomed, by multiple players.
    Incompatible with leaguemode.
    -samehero
    -sh
    All players will have the hero that blue picks.
    Incompatible with mirrormatch, voterandom and leaguemode.
    Fun modes
    Have to be entered in the first 15 seconds, seperately.
    -wtf When an ability is used, all cooldowns are reset and your mana is set to full. Certain triggered abilities will seem as if they have no cooldown, but will not have any effect until the time which it would normally be cooled down has passed. (One example is Borrowed Time)

    Ulfsaar The Ursa Warrior Guide, Walkthrought, Item Build and Skill Build.

    b4f9-ursa

    Before the invasion of the Scourge, a race of intelligent bears called furbolgs cultivated a quiet spiritual society deep in the heart of Azshara. With most of their kind murdered and corrupted by the Undead, the normally isolated furbolgs were forced to flee to the Sentinel for protection. In return, the furbolgs have sent their mightiest Ursa Warrior into battle on the Sentinel behalf. Enraged by the defilement of his people’s sacred land, Ulfsaar is able to channel his fury into a series of extremely quick and brutal swipes, using his razor-sharp claws to overpower his foes and literally tear them apart.

    2565-ursa_warriorStrength – 23 + 2.9
    Agility – 18 + 2.1 (Primary)
    Intelligence– 16 + 1.5

    Base damage 45-49
    Attack range of 100 (melee)
    Base Armor 4.5
    Movement speed of 310

    d22c-earthshockUlfsaar Slams the ground, dealing damage to and slowing the movement speed of nearby enemy land units.
    Lasts 4 seconds

    Level 1 – 70 damage, 25% slow.
    Level 2 – 120 damage, 35% slow.
    Level 3 – 170 damage, 45% slow.
    Level 4 – 220 damage, 55% slow.

    7 seconds cooldown
    75 mana cost
    250 AOE

    This skill has low cooldown and manacost. Your main weapon to keep enemy from escaping you. It has 0.5 second casting time required, so use it with great timing.

    e8ce-overpowerSends Ulfsaar into a rage until he can expend his energy on a target. Lasts 15 seconds or 5 attacks.

    Level 1 – 100% increased attack speed.
    Level 2 – 200% increased attack speed.
    Level 3 – 300% increased attack speed.
    Level 4 – 400% increased attack speed.

    10 seconds cooldown
    45/55/65/75 mana cost

    This ability will really help you slice your opponent. 5 hit in just about 2 seconds (when maxed) is great deal of damage. Especially when combined with Fury Swipes and Enrage. Use it wisely and you will be owning!

    5fe5-swipes00Each attack opens the wound deeper in the target, causing subsequent attacks to deal increased damage.

    Level 1 – 6 bonus damage per attack.
    Level 2 – 12 bonus damage per attack.
    Level 3 – 18 bonus damage per attack.
    Level 4 – 24 bonus damage per attack.

    Orb effect

    Fury Swipes will stack additional damage into a target. If you attack an enemy 10 times, you will have an additional 240 damages when fury swipes maxed! The counter will be repeated if you’re not attack your target in 3 seconds. It is an orb effect, so, do not use any other orb effect (Sange Yasha, Mask of Madness, Satanic) because Fury Swipes will override it. If you want the lifesteal, use vladmir’s instead.

    33f1-enrageWhen activated, greatly increases Ulfsaar’s damage based on his current life.

    Level 1 – 4% of Ulfsaar’s current life is dealt in damage.
    Level 2 – 5% of Ulfsaar’s current life is dealt in damage.
    Level 3 – 6% of Ulfsaar’s current life is dealt in damage.

    15 seconds duration
    25 seconds cooldown
    Mana Cost: None!

    Ulfsaar ulti’s. With no mana cost and 25 seconds cooldown, you can use it for hero kills and neutral creeps without worrying your mana pool. The skill will give Ursa additional attack before his primary one. It is counted like a normal melee attack, therefore it will trigger Centaur return damage.

    Skill build

    1. Fury Swipes
    2. Earthshock
    3. Fury Swipes
    4. Overpower
    5. Fury Swipes
    6. Enrage
    7. Fury Swipes
    8. Overpower
    9. Overpower
    10. Earthshock
    11. Enrage
    12-13. Earthshock
    14. Overpower
    15. Stats
    16. Enrage
    17-25. Stats

    Explanation

    Fury swipes taken first, since it will help you boost your damage early. We take Earthshock at level 2 to ensure you will have a mechanism to prevent your enemies from escaping. At level 4, Overpower taken to help you net a kill. Enrage maxed early since it use no mana and give you a nice bonus damage. Some people debating about taken the last level of Overpower, since 300% is already fast enough with Ursa agility and items. I leave the last level of Overpower to your own judgement, but in my build I will take it.

    Item Build

    1. Stout Shield, Tangos
    2. Ring of Health
    3. Vitality Booster (Finish Vanguards)
    4. Boots of Speed
    5. Belt of Giant Strength
    5. Blink Dagger
    6. Glove of Haste
    7. Finish Power Treads
    8. Ring of Basilius
    9. Finish Vladmir’s Offering or rush
    10. Heart of Tarrasque


    Other Possible Items

    Black King Bar
    When there are more than 3 stunner, you can skip Vladmir’s or Tarrasque. This item will keep you from disabler while keep your burst attack on.

    The Butterfly

    When the games hold long enough, buy this items. You got damage, attack speed and evasion. What else do you need? Your survival will increase highly. Especially when a lot of DPS heroes on the enemies.

    Explanation

    The core item for Ursa Warrior is Vanguards, Blink Dagger, and Boots. If you already farm Vanguards, you will rarely go back to fountain. Neutral creeping will be very easy, because you can kill them easily with Enrage and Overpower. Vanguards will block almost all their damage. If your lane mate has a slow or a stun, you can have an early kill. Just Overpower, and run straight at them while your Lane-mate slowing or stunning them. If they trying to escape, Earthshock is good enough to hold and finish them.

    After you got your dagger and boots , you are ready to pawn some low HP heroes in mid-game. With Blink-Earthshock combo, you can finish a low HP hero before he realize what happened. For a better use of Overpower, after activate it, wait several seconds before approaching the enemies. Therefore, after 5 hits, your Overpower cooldown already over and you can give 5 hits again. If your enemy get careless, it is better to approaching him without using the dagger, therefore where the enemies try to escape or suddenly you have a gangbang, your dagger is ready.

    After getting your treads, start builds your Vladmir’s. The lifesteal will help you winning a 1-1 battle since the Vampiric Aura is working well with Fury Swipes. You can solo Roshan easily with this items. In the Late-Game team war, don’t get careless. Wait for a perfect timing. Let the war begin and choose your prey wisely. Some low HP heroes like Rhasta, Kardel will be your target. Prepare your Overpower, Enrage and then Blink, Earthshock and tear him apart. After it, you still can chase the other enemy. You can also act as tanker and tank the damage, since you will have a tons of HP with HoT. If your team don’t have any other tanker, get your second one and you will be very hard to kill. And with your current HP, your ulti’s will hurt them greatly. Overall, Ursa can be deadly with the right items and use his skill wisely.


    Model D1-713P Router

    D-Link offers several router units with different models of routers with integrated multi-port swicthes.  This an example of their current offering for both wired and wireless networks.  Although the eyesite 140 does not have an 802.11B interface, D-Link wireless routers also provide RJ-45 connections for use with wired systems.

    Step 1:  Install the Router Between Your Cable/DSL Modem and Your LAN.

    Follow the recommended procedures for setting up your D-Link router.  In most cases, you will simply need to unpack the unit, connect a CAT-5 cable from your Cable Modem or DSL modem and the WAN port of the router, and connect your PC(s) or other computing devices to the LAN ports.  Next, connect your eyesite 140 to one of the available LAN ports on the rear of the unit.  Everything on the LAN side should work as it did before the router was installed, and your PC should be able to surf the internet without any special setup of the router unit.

    Step 2:  Check the Public Internet or WAN Address for Your Site.

    Use your web browser to check the configuration of the router.  This is done by entering the address of the router into the URL field of your browser.  Typically, the default address of the router is 192.168.0.1.  Once you have entered the password to gain access to the router, you can click on the status tab to see what the current WAN address is for your site.  The address shown will be the address to use when dialing into the system behind the firewall.

    dlink21

    Step 3:  Create a UDP Port Map to Your Local eyesite System or PC.

    Establishing a connection through the firewall by dialing out through the firewall will not be a problem.  The firewall is designed to protect your local machinery from unauthorized access from the WAN side of the firewall, so unless the router is configured further, outside systems will not be able to establish a connection to anything behind the firewall.  The firewall has the ability to map PORT numbers to local LAN addresses for specified types of IP traffic.  To create a PORT mapping for your eyesite 140 click on the ADVANCED tab and create a entry similar to the following example.  Next, click APPLY at the bottom of the screen to enable the mapping to the local system.  You can use any PORT range you like but we recommend using 9000-1000 or 50000-60000 to avoid any possible conflicts with widely used ports from other network applications.dvance

    Step 4:  You Are Now Ready to Go!

    Now that you have created a PORT map for your local system it is possible for systems outside the firewall (either another eyesite 140 or eyesite for Windows) to call into the local system.  The address they should use is the WAN address as discovered in Step 2, followed by the PORT number as configured in Step 3.  In this example, the eyesite system could be dialed by entering the address 68.112.51.214.50000 in the calling system.

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